Kabbalah Glossary: A to I

A.

Abba
Father. Abba also refers to wisdom and the first conscious power in the soul.
Adam
Man. Also ?Adam Kadmon? or the First Man ; primeval man.
Agol
Round. Often used in Kabbalah terminology to show 4 aspects of the desire to receive.
Ahavah
Love. Usually referred to as spiritual love or Chessed (lovingkindess).
Akvah
A Holy name for G-d.
Alef
First letter in Hebrew alphabet (A).
Amidah
Standing. Also an important daily Jewish prayer.
Aroch
Long. Also a bestowal of knowledge (Chocma).
Ashreih
"Happy is" - an important daily prayer.
Atzihut
Emanation and the first of the four highest worlds of creation.
Avot
Fathers. An important prayer is ?Perche Avot? (blessings of the fathers).

B.

Ba'al
Lord or Master. Also husband.
Ba'al Shem Tov
Master of the Good Name (of G-d). Also the founder of the Chassidic Movement, Rabbi Yisrael ben-Eliezer, was named the Baal Shem Tov.
Ba'al Teshuvah
Returnee or one who returns to religious practice in Judaism.
Ben
Son. Also ?Ben Adam?: son of Man.
Beinoni
An "intermediate one" or one who possesses evil urges even while studying the holy books or while at prayer.
Binah
Understanding; relating to how one is affected by something.
Birur
Separation or choosing. Usually meant for choosing good over evil, especially in acts and deeds.
Boreh
The Creator, i.e. Creator of the Fruit of the Vine, (G-d).
Brit
Covenant. Also refers to the male sexual organ in the circumcision ceremony "Brit Milah".

C.

Chafetz Chesed
Loving kindness, especially according to G-d's will.
Chalal and Chalal Panui
Empty of Light and empty space or vacuum. Meant to refer to the earth during its creation, before The Creator separated the earth, form, and light.
Chabad
Abbreviated term for Chochma ? Binah ? Da'at (Wisdom, Understanding, Knowledge). The name of the well-known Chassidic movement.
Chassid
Pius one. Plural is Chassidim. Name of Jewish religious movement in which religious and mystical studies, such as the Kabbalah, are often pursued.
Chayot
Living beings, animals.
Chochma
Wisdom (particularly in study).
Chomer
Substance, material.
Churvah
Place of destruction, ruin.

D.

Da'at
Knowdedge. The last power of Creation (Adam and Eve).
Dalet
Fourth letter in Hebrew alphabet. Used often in Kabbalah study.
Din
Judgment (Beit ha Din is a House of Judgment or court).
Dofen
Side. Often referred to as when an object, or ?Kli?, receives light by being positioned on its spiritual side.
Dveikut
Attachment or merging of two spiritual objects. Also, a "clinging" as between a husband and wife (sexual).
Children Kabbalah Bracelet in Gold

E.

Echad
One or unity. Also refers to the Devine Light from G-d.
Elokim
Another name for G-d, usually recited when not in actual prayer.
Emet
Truth. Referred to a high spiritual state.
Emunah
Faith. Belief in the powers of the Almighty, no matter what the outcome.
Etz Haim
Tree of Life. Very important usage in Kabbalah teaching and symbolism.
Et Ratson
Time of Will or Desire. Refers also to the light of ?Chochma?, or knowledge.

F.

Faith
Heb. Emunah. One of the highest religious experiences and is one of the three "heads" of the Keter.

G.

Gag
Roof or highest level of learning.
Gaon
Genius. Often referred to great Talmudic sages who lived in the 7th to 12th centuries.
Gematria
Hebrew numerical system with very important usage in calculating numerical equivalents of letters and words.
Gevurah
Might or Strength. One of the ten ?Sephirot?, or Devine energy channels, spoken of in the Kabbalah.
Guf
Body. It is the ?Guf?, or body, that receives the Devine inspiration of the Chosen One.

H.

Hakaah
Striking. Refers to the Upper Light being blocked as if there is a screen or barrier.
He'elem v'Gilui
Concealment and revelation. Refers to the fundamentals of Creation, or the Devine issue or flow.
Hitkasrut
Connection. Also refers to the ten ?Sephirot? of the Devine Light.
Hitpashtut
Light, as brought forth by the issuer to one longing for the Light.
Hod
Splendor. The fifth of the attributes of Creation in the 10 Sephirot.

I.

Ibur
Infant or embryo. In Kabbalistic terms, as an embryo or infant receives nourishment from its mother so does the soul receive spiritual nourishment from G-d.
Igul
Circle. The circle appears many times in Kabbalah learning, often referred as the ?ha?Igul ha?Gadol? (the big circle) which has to do with the circle of life, from birth to death, in which the soul returns to G-d.
Imma
Mother. As the mother is the physical creator of life, so is the mother image connected with the process of creation.
Iyar
Second month of the 12 month Hebrew calendar.

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