Kabbalah Glossary: J to R

J/K.

Jaffa
Yafo: Ancient Israeli city, now part of Tel Aviv.
Jerusalem
Yerushalayim ; Capital of ancient and modern Israel.
Kabbalah
Receiving or Tradition. The basis of studies known as the Kabbalah.
Kaf Zayin
The Hebrew alphabet.
Karka
Ground.
Kav
Line or separation between earth and Heavenly realms.
Kedusha
Holiness. Also an important daily prayer.
Keter
Crown. Also encircling the "Partzuf" or face of learning.
Kli
Vessel or receptacle for inner or surrounding light (from Heaven).
Kotel
Wall, as of the Temple in Jerusalem.

L.

Lev
Heart or very center (of a concept, etc).
Levush
Garment. In Kabbalah teachings, ?Levush? also refers to three primary powers of the soul: thought, speech, and actions.
Lulav
Palm branch. This is one of this main items used in prayer during the festival of Sukkot. It is combined with two other branches, Hadass (myrtle) and Aravah (willow) and shaken in four directions to bless the Four Seasons.

M.

Makom
Place, or receiving earthly being.
Malchut
Kingdom. Special verses found in High Holy Day prayer. Also refers to the Creation, i.e. The Kingdom of G-d.
Masach
Screen. That barrier which restricts entry of Devine Light.
Mashiach
The Anointed One or Messiah. The One who is to judge over Israel and the world at the End of Days. Also known as The Redeemer.
Mazal
Luck or Fortune. The "Mazal" of the Jewish People, whether good or bad, comes from Devine intervention.
Merkavah
Devine Chariot that Ezekiel saw in his vision. Also the geometrical shape used in the Sephirot or Tree of life. Important part of Kabbalah teaching.
Midrash
Seeking. Also, the 2nd major oral work after the Torah. Much of the classical explanations of the Torah are found here, and these are important in the study of the Kabbalah.
Mishnah
Vice or Secondary. One of the most important parts of the Talmud.
Mitzvah
Commandment given by G-d to observe all aspects of Jewish Law (Kashrut, Shabbat, etc.). Also refers to doing good deeds.

N.

Nefesh
Living being, Soul. The lowest physical level in the Kabbalah.
Nehi
Abbreviation for Netzach, Hod, Yesod (Victory, Splendor, Foundation). It is the third of the 10 noted points of the Sephirot or Tree of Life.
Netzach
Victory. It is the 7th point of the Sephirot.
Nigleh
Revealed. Addresses Man's relationship to G-d, which is the same for all people, whether laborers of kings.
Boyish Evil Eye Charm Bracelet

O.

Ofanim
Spiritual angels or wheels of the Merkavah, the Devine Chariot that Carried the Prophet Elijah into Heaven and the one that the Prophet Ezekiel saw in his vision.
Olam and Olam Haba
The World and the World to Come. While Olam refers to the present, physical world, Olam Haba refers to the World to Come of the afterlife.
Omer
A measuring of time, particularly in the period beginning with the start of the Passover holiday and ending with the festival of Shavout. This marks the period when the Children of Israel left Israel and until they received the Torah at Mt. Sinai.
Or
Light. Has many references in the Kabbalah. ?Or Chozer? refers to the returning light form Heaven, and ?Or L'Goyim? is Light unto the nations. ?Or Pnimi? is the "inner light" or consciousness of the soul.

P.

Parashah
Section or paragraph, particularly in the Torah. The Torah, or Five Books of Moses, is divided into 54 sections, with a different one read every week.
Partzuf
Person or profile. It is the final part of the Sephirot and is often shown as a human-like figure that is endowed with special powers such as insight and wisdom.
Pardes
Orchard. In religious and Kabbalah terminology, Pardes is an acronym for interpreting the Torah. P stands for Parasha, R for Remez or interpretation, D for Derush, the implication of the text, and S for Sod, the text's symbolic meaning.
Periah
To peel. The act of ?Brit Milah?, or male circumcision, when the foreskin is peeled back.
Pesach
Passover. The important festival commemorating the redemption of the Jewish People from Egypt.
Pirke Avot
Ethics of the Fathers. Contains the ethical wisdom of the Talmudic sages.
Pleasure
Heb. Ta'anug. Referred to as a ritualistic feeling or spiritual state, and associated with the Head of the Keter in the Sephirot.

R.

Rachamim
Pity or Mercy. Also a high spiritual state.
Rambam
Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, also called Maimomedes. A great interpreter of Jewish thought, who lived in Spain and Egypt, as well as in the Holy Land during the 15th Century.
Ratzon
Will. Associated with the Keter of the Sephirot.
Reishi d'ytiyada
Highest of the three "heads" of the Keter, or a supernatural belief in G-d.
Rosh
Head. In Kabbalistic terms, it refers to the upper part of the being in regards to the Shoresh (root of the being).
Ruach
Spirit. One of the five levels of the soul.

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